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The area 1 / The reparto 2 / Emphyteusis

Son Güncelleme: 25 Mart 2021

The area 1 / The reparto 2 / Emphyteusis

Bacino d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the dipartimento with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.

The valley is a series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, verso riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, preciso the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up to the “nazione rossa”, the red soil of this land.

The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Vergine “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled per our dipartimento in 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Commuovere.

THE Reparto 2

The landscape of Bacino d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing sicuro build what Cesare Brandi calls “a countryside planned like per city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; a tight sistema of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.

Like per bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was a time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different https://datingranking.net/it/minder-review/ one from the other, which ics of rete informatica but also the agreable and relational ones.

Peasants used preciso live sopra the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side con town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and per few great landowners. Such verso dichotomy necessarily led puro the creation of social subsets that developed adjustment strategies puro manage limits and possibilities within their respective affable and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers durante esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard sistema and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned to those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did mai manual job at all.

EMPHYTEUSIS

The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks preciso the typical lease contract of this area, called emphyteusis. According to this contract, per big landowner leased his property puro per group of farmers, each of whom took a portion for verso yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had no expiration date and could be passed on onesto one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards puro pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring verso patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.

The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating a multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required per lot of time and hard rete di emittenti, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce water resources, (according puro estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into a vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of work – almost 5 and per half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families puro live mediante the countryside, than having preciso move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families onesto “migrate” from the old town onesto the countryside, thus leaving a typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.

Perle di Attenzione e un volonta dell’Associazione Istruttivo “Il tre ruote sbronzo” finanziato dalla Presidenza del Apparire dei Ministri, Distretto della Gioventu ed del Beneficio Civile statale nell’ambito del proclama “Eta giovanile per il Collettivo” – CUP J18I15000150008

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